1308:Seige of Aberdeen
1298, the town was garrisoned by the
English; but about ten years after,
the citizens took possession of the Castle, and massacred the garrison; having
taken part with Bruce, who, in testimony of their patriotic exertions, granted
them permission to bear as the arms of the town,
"gules, three towers triple towered, within a double tressure counterflowered
argent, supported by two leopards proper, the motto in a scroll above 'bon
accord,' " (that having been the watchword on the night when they
rose against the English); and soon after he confirmed and extended the
privileges formerly possessed by the citizens.
Aberdeen had a part to play in his victory during the
Wars of Independence.
1306, the castle was garrisoned by
Edward I, but Aberdonians
stormed it in a night-time raid, using 'Bon Accord' as a password. 'Bon Accord'
is now the city's motto, appearing on the City Coat of Arms. At the time,
Aberdeen was rewarded by a gift of land from King Robert the Bruce, which even
now is referred to as the
but they were punished in
stormed the city, destroying much of it.
The artwork depicts the
wooden Castle on Castle Hill with Heading Hill to the right. The valley between
became Park Lane then Commerce Street, The Futtie Port is shown with the
futtie wynd looping down the foot of Castle Hill to the Shorelands (destined to
be Virginia Street)
It is thought the
Castle and fortifications were burned down by
King Robert The Bruce in
June 1308, during the Wars
of Scottish Independence immediately
following the Harrying
Bruce and his men laid siege to the Castle before massacring the
Garrison to prevent its use by
English troops. It is said the
Scots showed no mercy "slew every man who fell into their hands.
indeed had already set the example of executing his prisoners, and it was not to
be expected that the other side would fail to follow the same course"
10 July 1308,
English ships left
to help the English garrison. However
August 1308, Gilbert Pecche and the last troops had all been forced out of
the City. Following
the destruction of Aberdeen Castle, Bruce marched his men to capture the Castle
Legend tells that the city's motto,
the password used to initiate Bruce's final push and destruction of the Castle.